Featured Article : Why Is Apple The First $3 Trillion Company?

5th July 2023

Following Apple recently becoming the first publicly traded company to close a trading day with a $3 trillion market value, we look at some of the main reasons for the company’s incredible popularity and growth.

The First $3 Trillion Company 

Although Apple actually reached the $3 trillion market cap at the beginning of last year, it didn’t close at that level until 28 June this year. Its stock has jumped a massive 46 per cent in 2023 and finally getting over the $3 trillion milestone is reported to be down to the 5 June launch of its ($3,499) augmented reality (AR) headset, which some commentators see as its riskiest move since the introduction of the iPhone more than a decade ago.

The surge in Apple’s stock value this year contrast with last year where its market cap fell below $2 trillion in trading for the first time since early 2021.

Started In The 1970s 

Looking back to the beginning, Apple Inc. can trace its roots back to April 1, 1976, in Cupertino, California. The company was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne, with the aim of developing and selling personal computers. Jobs, who is popularly seen as a charismatic visionary, had a profound influence on Apple’s trajectory, while Wozniak, an engineering genius, was instrumental in designing and building the company’s first product.

The fact that Apple started in the 1970s was highly significant in shaping its subsequent success. The company’s early foray into personal computers with the Apple II established Apple as a key player in the emerging technology industry. The Apple II’s user-friendly design and intuitive interface set a new standard, laying the foundation for Apple’s reputation as an innovator.

Furthermore, Apple’s formative years allowed it to establish its core principles and values. The company’s emphasis on superior design, user experience, and attention to detail became integral to its ‘DNA’. These principles continue to be central to Apple’s success, driving the company to consistently deliver products that resonate with consumers on both functional and emotional levels.

Moreover, Apple’s early years provided the company with the opportunity to establish a dedicated fan base. The passionate following that emerged during this period has remained loyal to the brand throughout the decades. This loyal customer base has played a crucial role in Apple’s success, driving sales and fostering a strong ecosystem of products, services, and software.

Apple I & II Computers 

The genesis of Apple can be found in Jobs and Wozniak’s collaboration on the Apple I computer. Initially, they operated from Jobs’ family garage, where they assembled the first units by hand. Encouraged by the positive response, they sold their prized possessions to fund the production of the Apple II, which debuted in 1977.

The Apple II became a resounding success, and its user-friendly design and intuitive interface played a significant role in shaping the modern personal computer industry and therefore played a pivotal role in Apple’s growth, serving as a catalyst for the company’s success. Apple II made personal computers accessible to a broader audience and the Apple II’s success established Apple as a significant player in the industry, providing the foundation for subsequent innovations and solidifying the company’s reputation as a leader in technology.

The Breakthrough Moment – The Macintosh 

Apple’s breakthrough moment came in 1984 with the introduction of the Macintosh, a revolutionary computer featuring a graphical user interface.

The Macintosh computer was a transformative product that propelled Apple’s growth and popularity. With its revolutionary graphical user interface and intuitive design, the Macintosh brought user-friendly computing to the masses. It simplified complex tasks, making computers more accessible and appealing to a wider audience. The Macintosh’s impact was profound, solidifying Apple’s reputation as an innovative technology company and laying the groundwork for future groundbreaking products that would shape the industry.

In the 80s – Trouble At Mill 

However, internal conflicts and leadership changes led to Jobs’ departure from Apple in 1985. The subsequent years were challenging for the company, marked by a decline in market share and product line confusion.

Revitalised By The Return of Jobs 

In 1997, Jobs returned to Apple as interim CEO and set about revitalising the company. Under his guidance, Apple launched a series of groundbreaking products, including the iMac, iPod, iPhone, and iPad. These devices not only revolutionised their respective industries but also transformed Apple into a global brand known for its seamless integration of hardware, software, and services. Jobs’ uncompromising focus on design, user experience, and innovation became the cornerstone of Apple’s success.

Following Jobs 

Sadly, Steve Jobs died in 2011 but Apple has continued to maintain its trajectory and focus under the leadership of Tim Cook, who took over as CEO in August 2011. Cook had previously served as Apple’s Chief Operating Officer and was instrumental in streamlining the company’s operations and supply chain. While Cook’s leadership style differs from Jobs, he appears to have upheld Apple’s commitment to innovation, customer experience, and seamless integration of hardware, software, and services.

Under Cook’s tenure, Apple has expanded its product portfolio, launched new services such as Apple Music and Apple TV+, and continued to push the boundaries of technology with products like the Apple Watch and AirPods. The company’s ability to maintain its focus and trajectory can be attributed to its strong organisational culture, dedicated team of designers and engineers, and a relentless drive to deliver products that exceed customer expectations. Apple’s ability to seamlessly transition leadership and stay true to its core principles has been key to its ongoing success in the technology industry.

So, What Makes Apple So Different? 

The key factors that have contributed to Apple’s differentiation and success as a company include:

– Innovation and Design. Apple has consistently pushed the boundaries of innovation, introducing products with groundbreaking features and sleek designs. From the Macintosh to the iPhone, Apple’s focus on user-centric design and seamless integration of hardware and software has set it apart from competitors.

– User Experience. Apple has prioritised delivering exceptional user experiences, emphasising simplicity, intuitiveness, and ease of use. This focus on providing a seamless and enjoyable experience has garnered a dedicated customer base that remains loyal to the brand.

– Ecosystem and Integration. Apple has created a comprehensive ecosystem of products, services, and software that work seamlessly together. The integration between devices like the iPhone, iPad, Mac, and Apple Watch, along with services like iCloud, App Store, and Apple Music, has fostered a cohesive and interconnected user experience.

– Brand and Marketing. Apple has crafted a strong brand identity and image, positioning itself as a premium and aspirational brand. Its iconic marketing campaigns, memorable advertising, and carefully curated product launches have helped build anticipation and excitement around new releases.

– Leadership and Vision. The visionary leadership of Steve Jobs (and later Tim Cook), has played a crucial role in Apple’s success. Jobs’ emphasis on excellence, design, and innovation set the tone for the company, while Cook’s operational expertise and focus on sustainability have continued to drive Apple’s growth.

These factors, combined with Apple’s ability to anticipate and shape consumer trends, have propelled the company’s success, and made it one of the most influential and valuable technology companies in the world.

Not All Plain Sailing 

It hasn’t been all plain sailing for Apple along the way. Along its journey to becoming one of the world’s biggest and most valuable tech companies, Apple has encountered several difficulties, challenges, and low points. Here are some notable examples:

– Power Struggles and Leadership Changes. Apple experienced internal power struggles and leadership changes, particularly during the 1980s and 1990s. Steve Jobs’ departure in 1985 and subsequent leadership changes resulted in a lack of direction, slowed innovation, and declining market share.

– Declining Market Share. In the 1990s, Apple faced a decline in market share due to intense competition from Microsoft and other PC manufacturers. The company struggled to find its footing in a highly competitive industry, leading to decreased sales and financial challenges.

– Product Missteps: Apple had its fair share of product missteps, such as the Apple III and the Macintosh Portable, which failed to meet market expectations. These product failures highlighted the importance of product innovation, design, and market fit in Apple’s journey.

– Lawsuits and Legal Challenges. Apple has faced numerous lawsuits and legal challenges over the years. Notable examples include the high-profile legal battle with Microsoft over copyright infringement and patent disputes with competitors, such as Samsung, regarding smartphone technology.

– Stock Price Slumps. Apple experienced significant stock price slumps at various points in its history, notably during the mid-1990s and in 2013 when concerns about the company’s ability to sustain growth arose. These periods of volatility reflected the market’s uncertainty and scepticism about Apple’s future prospects.

Despite these challenges, Apple’s ability to adapt, innovate, and reinvent itself has enabled it to overcome setbacks and emerge stronger. The company’s resilience, coupled with its strong focus on design, user experience, and technological innovation, has propelled Apple to become one of the most successful and influential tech companies in the world.

The Future of Apple 

So, where does a $3 trillion tech giant go from here? Apple has some strong competition from four other U.S. companies valued at more than $1 trillion – Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon and Nvidia, as well as Meta, which has seen a 137 per cent jump on the S&P 500 this year. All these competitors have invested in AI, whereas Apple appears to have stayed away it so far which some commentators have expressed concerns about. However, this hasn’t stopped Apple from posting stronger than expected quarterly earnings in May.

In brief, just some of the areas where Apple could be heading in the next 10 years under Tim Cook’s leadership may be:

– Autonomous electric cars. Apple is reportedly working on an autonomous electric car, potentially entering a new market, and disrupting the automotive industry.

– The Metaverse. Apple has shown interest in the metaverse and is rumoured to be developing a headset that supports augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR). This could position Apple to take advantage of the growing metaverse market.

– Even greater smartphone dominance: Apple’s strong position in the global smartphone market, particularly in the 5G segment, positions the company for continued growth as 5G adoption increases.

– Services business growth. With the addition of metaverse-related devices and the potential success of new technologies, Apple’s services business could see significant growth, driven by increased app sales.

– Earnings growth. If Apple achieves a higher-than-expected annual earnings growth rate, the company’s stock price could see substantial gains over the next decade, potentially reaching around $980 per share.

What Does This Mean For Your Business? 

Apple’s recent achievement of reaching a $3 trillion market value has significant implications for the company, its competitors, and business users of Apple’s products.

For Apple as a company, this milestone solidifies its position as one of the most influential and valuable technology companies in the world. The company’s history of innovation, commitment to superior design, and seamless integration of hardware and software have propelled its success and set it apart from its competitors. With a strong emphasis on user experience and a comprehensive ecosystem of products and services, Apple has cultivated a dedicated fan base that remains loyal to the brand. This loyal customer base, combined with Apple’s ability to anticipate and shape consumer trends, positions the company for continued growth and success in the future.

In terms of Apple’s competitors and the market, the $3 trillion valuation sends a clear message that Apple is a force to be reckoned with. It surpasses other U.S. companies with valuations over $1 trillion, such as Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon, and Nvidia. While these competitors have made significant investments in artificial intelligence (AI), Apple has taken a different approach, focusing on its strengths in design, user experience, and integration. This has allowed Apple to maintain a strong position in the global smartphone market and capitalise on the growing adoption of 5G technology. However, it also raises concerns among some commentators who question whether Apple’s avoidance of AI could hinder its ability to compete in certain areas of technology.

For business users of Apple’s products, the company’s success and ongoing innovation offer several advantages. Apple’s emphasis on design, user-friendly interfaces, and intuitive experiences make its products appealing and easy to integrate into various business settings. The seamless integration between devices, services, and software within Apple’s ecosystem creates a cohesive and interconnected user experience, which can enhance productivity and efficiency for businesses. Additionally, Apple’s commitment to privacy and security provides reassurance to business users concerned about safeguarding sensitive data.

Looking ahead, the future of Apple holds great potential. Rumours of the company’s foray into autonomous electric cars and its interest in the metaverse demonstrate its willingness to explore new markets and technologies. These endeavours could lead to further disruption and expansion for Apple, positioning the company at the forefront of emerging industries. As Apple continues to innovate and deliver products that exceed customer expectations, its $3 trillion market value serves as a testament to the trust and confidence placed in the company by both consumers and businesses.

While challenges and uncertainties may arise, Apple’s ability to adapt, reinvent itself, and stay true to its core principles has been key to its resilience and ongoing success. As it moves forward under the leadership of Tim Cook, Apple’s commitment to excellence, innovation, and customer experience will likely continue to drive its trajectory. With a strong foothold in the technology market and a dedicated user base, Apple looks to be poised to shape the future of technology and maintain its position as a global leader in the industry for years to come.